A new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine suggests that public health messages on Facebook are effective at increasing condom use among young adults–thus decreasing the chance of spreading STDs–at least for a little while.
Palabra clave ‘condom use’
“Study: Teenage ‘virginity pledges’ are ineffective” and the subhead, “Youths who promise abstinence are also less likely to use protection.” The new analysis of data from a large federal survey found that more than half of youths became sexually active before marriage regardless of whether they had taken a “virginity pledge,” but that the percentage who took precautions against pregnancy or sexually transmitted diseases was 10 points lower for pledgers than for non-pledgers.
A two-year, seven-country study has concluded that women using hormonal contraceptives, particularly injectable forms, are at a greater risk both of acquiring HIV themselves and of passing it on to a male sexual partner. Presenting the results to the International AIDS Society conference in Rome yesterday, Renee Heffron of the University of Washington said that strategies are needed to improve access to and uptake of lower-dose contraceptives and non-hormonal methods – such as IUDs, implants, patches or combination injectables.
Each year in the United States, there are about 19 million new STDs, almost half of which are in younger people, ages 15-24. Research suggests that as many as 1 in 4 teens may have an STD. Many of these infections are asymptomatic, yet some can cause serious health consequences, including infertility, if left untreated.
Thirty years since the first report of the disease we now know as AIDS, scientists supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, continue advancing toward our goal of a vaccine to prevent HIV infection. I am optimistic that we will succeed.
Teenage commercial sex workers are finding themselves at the centre of the HIV/AIDS storm amid concerns of widespread lack of condom use and a spike in the number of infections among this demographic, despite the country’s continuing HIV/AIDS campaigns, which health authorities say has seen a drop in prevalence in the past few years.