In the 1990s, Uganda was globally seen as the African role model in the fight against AIDS. But, as recently released figures from the Uganda Aids Indicator 2011 show, it is currently the only country in East-Africa where HIV infections are on the rise. What is happening?Uganda received worldwide praise in the late 1990s when it managed to lower HIV infection rates from around 15 to 6 percent. But as the recently released figures from the Uganda Aids Indicator 2011 show, the HIV prevalence rate in Uganda increased from 6.4 percent to 6.7 percent last year and over 500,000 more Ugandans became infected with the virus over the past five years. Surprisingly, an estimated 43 percent of those new infections occur among people engaged in monogamous heterosexual relationships. It is not the young or the poor, but the married couples in urban areas who are most at risk.