Contagio de VIH de madres a hijos aumentó en los últimos dos años

El contagio de VIH de madres a hijos aumentó de 3% a 5% en Uruguay. Aunque dicha tasa debería ser del 1%,  muchas mujeres no controlan su embarazo. A esto se suma la discriminación que sufren los niños huérfanos por SIDA.

“En el mundo desarrollado, uno de cada cien hijos de madres VIH positivas es infectado; en Uruguay esa cifra está en los cinco de cada cien. Tenemos toda la capacidad -los ginecólogos, la medicación, los asistentes sociales- para que se transmita menos. Pero gente pobre, gente que se droga no controla su embarazo y entonces ahí se produce el aumento de la transmisión”, dijo Jorge Quian, director de la policlínica VIH-SIDA del Hospital Pereira Rossell.

La Asociación de Ayuda al Seropositivo (ASEPO) es una organización no gubernamental que integra el equipo de la policlínica que dirige Quian. Liset Collazo, integrante de Asepo, afirmó que “en este momento tenemos un 5% de transmisión vertical, cuando en 2007 llegó al 3% y en 2008 fue el 4%, es decir que hubo un aumento”.

Collazo coincidió en que los niños con VIH siguen siendo discriminados y que los lugares donde esto más se da es en la educación y en salud. “Muchas veces, si se enteran en los centros educativos que su mamá o papá falleció, o que un integrante de la familia es VIH positivo, piden un certificado o una constancia para que el niño siga en ese centro, a pesar del trabajo que se hace en educación de parte del Estado”, relató. Añadió que en los centros de salud “muchas veces no quieren asistir a un niño que es VIH positivo y lo derivan inmediatamente al Pereira Rossell”.

Desde 1997, el MSP tiene la obligación de dar tratamiento antirretroviral a las personas afectadas de VIH. En el caso de las mujeres embarazadas, esa medida hizo disminuir la transmisión a sus hijos.

La línea SIDA es el 0800- 3131 y atiende de lunes a domingo desde la hora 12 hasta la hora cero. El 4080680 es el teléfono de ASEPO en Uruguay, que brinda apoyo y acompañamiento tanto a los infectados como a sus familiares.

Fuente: El Paí


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