In the 1990s, Uganda was globally seen as the African role model in the fight against AIDS. But, as recently released figures from the Uganda Aids Indicator 2011 show, it is currently the only country in East-Africa where HIV infections are on the rise. What is happening?Uganda received worldwide praise in the late 1990s when it managed to lower HIV infection rates from around 15 to 6 percent. But as the recently released figures from the Uganda Aids Indicator 2011 show, the HIV prevalence rate in Uganda increased from 6.4 percent to 6.7 percent last year and over 500,000 more Ugandans became infected with the virus over the past five years. Surprisingly, an estimated 43 percent of those new infections occur among people engaged in monogamous heterosexual relationships. It is not the young or the poor, but the married couples in urban areas who are most at risk.
Palabra clave ‘HIV/AIDS’
The year 2011 concluded with the convening of the International Conference on HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections in Africa (ICASA) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
This was where medical experts and health officials from all parts of the continent and some international players like former President George Bush (whose administration launched the PEPFAR initiative) took stock of the state of the “War Against AIDS”.
The people of sub-Saharan Africa, already bearing the brunt of the global HIV/AIDS epidemic, are also likely to be worst hit by the effects of climate change, but until now AIDS and climate change experts and activists have largely remained in separate camps.
African ministers hailed a lowering of mother-to-child HIV transmission rates as a result of treatment at a meeting in Rome, a day after a study found key benefits from early therapy.
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Experts reviewing Nigeria’s new HIV/AIDS prevalence rate have said it called for studies to actually ascertain the country’s HIV incidence rate in a bid to know if the various strategies put in place by government was actually reducing new cases of HIV, and to know if the virus is being controlled.
South Africa’s HIV/AIDS programme has come a long way from the dark days of denialism and deadly treatment delays. Francois Venter, chairman of the country’s bi-annual HIV conference, SA AIDS 2011, gave IRIN/PlusNews five reasons to be happy about the country’s progress:
That young people are particularly vulnerable to HIV and AIDS is well established, but a new report reveals for the first time new data on HIV prevalence in this group, which accounts for almost half of new adult infections globally.